Professor Joan Hoffmann has completed a working paper on the challenges of decarbonizing electric power. See below the table of contents for a quick overview of the topics discussed. You can read the full working paper here.
THE DISADVANTAGES DILEMMA: MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF DECARBONIZING ELECTRIC POWER
by Joan Hoffmann, Prof. Emerita of Economics, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
WHY DO WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ELECTRIC POWER ?
Is Electric Power Creation Important?
How big is the fossil fuels replacement challenge?
Why do Reliability And Dispatchability make fossil fuel use seductive?
Why Is Resilience Important?
Why has there been a spotlight on wind and solar as a replacement for fossil fuels?
WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES TO RELIANCE ON SOLAR AND WIND FOR ELECTRIC POWER?
FOR WIND AND SOLAR IN PARTICULAR (Availability, Space, Durability, Weather)
When? The Intermittency Problems
Where? Why Can’t Wind And Solar Work Everywhere?
How Much More Capacity?
How Much More Space ?
How Long? What Is The Durability Consideration ?
What Are The Weather Vulnerabilities
SHARED DISADVANTAGES FOR ALL POWER PLANTS (Fragmentation, Toxicity, Local Safety Concerns)
Fragmentation: What are the potential problems?
What Are The Toxicity Dangers And Materials Problems?
HOW TO COPE WITH UNAVAILABILITY, ESPECIALLY INTERMITTENCY?
Flexibility, Storage, Distributed Power And Wide Area Transmission)
Storage: Short And Long Term
Storage and Distributed power
Wide Area Transmission)
THE GRID AND TRANSMISSION CHALLENGES
Preventing resistance loss
The Balancing Tools for Instabilities (Balancing,Switching, Communication, Monitoring And Control
The Ownership Fragmentation And Economic Incentives Complications
SUMMARIZING THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF RELYING ON WIND AND SOLAR
The Needs And the Obstacles To Meeting Them
DO OTHER OPTIONS SOLVE THE PROBLEMS??
CONCLUSION: Advisability Of Carbon Pricing And Alternate Consumption Patterns Due To Availabilities, Vulnerabilities, And Negativities
Tables and Figures