THE DISADVANTAGES DILEMMA: MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF DECARBONIZING ELECTRIC POWER

Professor Joan Hoffmann has completed a working paper on the challenges of decarbonizing electric power. See below the table of contents for a quick overview of the topics discussed. You can read the full working paper here.

THE DISADVANTAGES DILEMMA: MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF DECARBONIZING ELECTRIC POWER

by Joan Hoffmann, Prof. Emerita of Economics, John Jay College of Criminal Justice

WHY DO WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ELECTRIC POWER ?

Is Electric Power Creation Important?

How big is the fossil fuels replacement challenge?

Why do Reliability And Dispatchability make fossil fuel use seductive?

Why Is Resilience Important?

Why has there been a spotlight on wind and solar as a replacement for fossil fuels?

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES TO RELIANCE ON SOLAR AND WIND FOR ELECTRIC POWER?

FOR WIND AND SOLAR IN PARTICULAR (Availability, Space, Durability, Weather)

When? The Intermittency Problems

Where? Why Can’t Wind And Solar Work Everywhere?

How Much More Capacity?

How Much More Space ?

How Long? What Is The Durability Consideration ?

What Are The Weather Vulnerabilities

SHARED DISADVANTAGES FOR ALL POWER PLANTS (Fragmentation, Toxicity, Local Safety Concerns)

Fragmentation: What are the potential problems?

What Are The Toxicity Dangers And Materials Problems?

Local Safety

HOW TO COPE WITH UNAVAILABILITY, ESPECIALLY INTERMITTENCY?

Flexibility, Storage, Distributed Power And Wide Area Transmission)

Flexibility

Storage: Short And Long Term

Storage and Distributed power

Wide Area Transmission)

THE GRID AND TRANSMISSION CHALLENGES

Rapid expansion

Preventing resistance loss

The Balancing Tools for Instabilities (Balancing,Switching, Communication, Monitoring And Control

Cybersecurity

The Ownership Fragmentation And Economic Incentives Complications

SUMMARIZING THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF RELYING ON WIND AND SOLAR

Advantages

Disadvantages

The Needs And the Obstacles To Meeting Them

INTERMEDIATE

DO OTHER OPTIONS SOLVE THE PROBLEMS??

 Hydropower

Geothermal

Biomass

Carbon capture

Hydrogen

Nuclear

CONCLUSION: Advisability Of Carbon Pricing And Alternate Consumption Patterns Due To Availabilities, Vulnerabilities, And Negativities

Tables and Figures

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

REFERENCES